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Why did Jesus refer to the queen of Sheba and Solomon in Luke 11:31?

Is this referring to the Book of Wisdom (Wisdom of Solomon) of the Deuterocanonical books?

Luke 11:31

NLT - 31 “The queen of Sheba will stand up against this generation on judgment day and condemn it, for she came from a distant land to hear the wisdom of Solomon. Now someone greater than Solomon is here - but you refuse to listen.

Clarify Share Report Asked December 28 2017 Dad's facebook pic 2 %282%29 Robert Chiappardi

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Mini Tim Maas Retired Quality Assurance Specialist with the U.S. Army
In the passage cited in the question, Jesus was referring to the events described in 1 Kings 10:1-13 in the Old Testament.

When Solomon became king of Israel after the death of his father David, God had appeared to him in a dream and offered to give Solomon whatever he asked (1 Kings 3:5-14). Solomon did not ask God for wealth, or a long life, or for military victory over his enemies, but for wisdom, so that he might rule Israel properly and do what was right in God's sight.

This pleased God, so God told Solomon that He would not only give Solomon greater wisdom than anyone who had come before him or would come after him, but that He would also give him the things for which he had not asked.

Solomon subsequently displayed such great wisdom (in passages such as 1 Kings 3:16-28 and in the book of Proverbs (Proverbs 1:1) in the established canon of Scroipture, aside from any deuterocanonical writings) that reports of his wisdom spread throughout the region, including to the queen of Sheba (which scholars identify as the modern-day country of Yemen in the southern Arabian Peninsula).

She made the journey to Israel to meet Solomon, to speak with him, and to test him with difficult questions. Solomon answered or explained all the questions that she put to him, and the queen of Sheba told him that his wisdom and prosperity were even greater than the reports she had heard. 

As wise and majestic as Solomon was, Jesus (as the incarnate Son of God) was (and is) even wiser (in fact, omniscient) and worthy of greater honor. That is why He referred to Himself as "One who is greater than Solomon". However, the religious authorities of that time (as well as the majority of the nation of Israel) refused to recognize His wisdom, or His identity as the Messiah.

That was why Jesus told those authorities that, in the final judgment at the end of time, the queen of Sheba would arise and condemn them, because she had traveled a long distance to witness and honor Solomon's wisdom, but the religious authorities had failed to recognize and honor One who was greater than Solomon (that is, Jesus) when He was right in their midst.

December 29 2017 0 responses Vote Up Share Report


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