Luke 2:46 - 52
NKJV - 46 Now so it was that after three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions. 47 And all who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and answers.
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John mentions 6 feasts Christ attended (Jn. 2:13; 5:1; 6:4; 7:2,10; 10:22; 12:1; 13:1). New Testament speaks of feast of re-dedication as Hanukkah. Greek: engkainia (G1456), renewal; from kainos (G2537), new. The feast was appointed by Judas Maccabaeus to commemorate the purification of the temple after it had been defiled by Antiochus Epiphanes on the 25th of Chisleu (December), 164 B.C. He offered a sow on the altar and polluted the temple by sprinkling its broth all around (1Macc. 4:52-59). It lasted 2 days (later 8 days) and could be celebrated elsewhere. It was about 3 1/2 months after the feast of tabernacles of Jn. 7:2 and about 4 months before the passover and the crucifixion.
The observance of Hanukkah was not commanded in the Old Testament canon, but is based on events (recorded in the deuterocanonical books of First and Second Maccabees) that occurred in connection with the rededication of the temple in the second century BC following its defilement by the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who had erected a statue of Zeus in the temple, and offered swine (which were ceremonially unclean animals (Leviticus 11:7-8)) on the temple's altar. At the time of the rededication, a one-day supply of lamp oil miraculously lasted for eight days, leading to the use of the menorah as a symbol of those days in connection with their observance. The New Testament refers to Hanukkah as the Feast of the Dedication, and records a specific instance of Jesus' observance of it in John 10:22-23.
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