AMP - 10 For though the mountains should depart and the hills be shaken or removed, yet My love and kindness shall not depart from you, nor shall My covenant of peace and completeness be removed, says the Lord, Who has compassion on you.
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As the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth (Isa. 54:9). Just as God promised that He would never send another flood like the one in Noah's day (Gen.8:20-22), so, after the future and second restoration of Israel as a nation in Palestine, He will never be angry at her again or rebuke her. Two things God has sworn to Israel: 1. Not to be angry with her. 2. Not to rebuke her. For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed at the Second Coming of Christ (Isa 54:10) This will be fulfilled literally, for the Mount of Olives will be split and removed along with other mountains and hills at the second coming of Christ and when God makes an outlet to the Dead Sea (Isa. 54:10; Ezek. 47; Zech. 14:1-5). The idea seemingly expressed here is: Although the mountains and hills be removed from Israel, neither shall the covenant of peace be removed from them
God originally established a covenant (agreement) with Israel at the time that the Law was given ("Now, therefore, if you will obey My voice and keep My covenant, you shall be my possession among all peoples; for all the earth is mine, and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation." (Exodus 19:5-6). Under this covenant, God made a promise that was conditional (the "if" portion of the passage from Exodus) upon Israel's obedience to God's Law. If Israel disobeyed the Law, the covenant would be broken. That is, in fact, what subsequently happened, which led to the establishment of the new covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-32) through Christ's redemptive suffering and death, as prophetically described in Isaiah 53 (the chapter immediately preceding the chapter (Isaiah 54) from which the verse cited in the question was taken). Israel's disobedience would not break this new covenant, by which God would provide a means for that disobedience (not just by Israel, but by all of humanity) to be forgiven by faith in Christ, and for His sake.
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