Vs. 54 says, "He returned to Nazareth, his hometown. When he taught there in the synagogue, everyone was amazed and said, “Where does he get this wisdom and the power to do miracles?” Vs. 55 says, "Then they scoffed, “He’s just the carpenter’s son..." Vs. 57 says, "And they were deeply offended and refused to believe in him. Then Jesus told them, “A prophet is honored everywhere except in his own hometown and among his own family.”"
Matthew 13:54 - 57
ESV - 54 And coming to his hometown he taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished, and said, "Where did this man get this wisdom and these mighty works? 55 Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas?
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The people in Nazareth had known Jesus from a very young age until He was thirty. During that time, although the Bible notes that Jesus Himself (even by the age of twelve) was aware of His identity as the Son of God (Luke 2:41-51), there is no recorded instance or reason to believe that Jesus showed any indication or said anything to anyone outside His family that would have led those who came in contact with Him in Nazareth to believe that He was anything other than a normal, unremarkable young Jewish man who was following in his (earthly) father's footsteps as far as His occupation, nor that Mary or Joseph shared the circumstances of His conception and birth with any of their neighbors. When He returned to Nazareth (Luke 4:16-30) after having departed from there and having begun His public ministry, the inhabitants of Nazareth, who would have known that He had received none of the formal religious training normally required of a rabbi, heard Him say that He was not just a teacher or a prophet, but the fulfillment of a prophecy that the Jewish people had awaited for many centuries. Not only that, but Jesus rebuked them for what He knew was their lack of faith, and for welcoming Him only because they wanted to see Him do the same kind of miracles that they had heard second-hand reports of Him performing in Capernaum. Jesus also further angered them by indicating to them His awareness that they would reject Him, even citing previous examples from Scripture of well-known prophets such as Elijah and Elisha who were sent by God to people other than the Israelites, because the Israelites would not listen to them, place their faith in them, or give them the recognition and honor that was due to them as prophets (while also implying to the people of Nazareth that He was as great as, or even greater than, those prophets had been). All these factors combined to cause the people of Nazareth to largely reject Jesus' attempts to minister to them, and even to be enraged with Him to the point of attempting to kill Him by casting Him off a cliff (although Matthew 13:58 records that He apparently did do some miracles among them, but not many, because of their general unbelief). The late author Jim Bishop, who wrote the book The Day Christ Died (an hour-by hour account of the events from sunset on Maundy Thursday until Jesus' entombment on Good Friday) included in the book a background summary of the life of Jesus, which contained a section dealing with the reaction of the people of Nazareth to Jesus' return there. (I cannot find an online version of it to provide a link to here, but I recommend that reference to anyone interested in this subject.)
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