Was he interjecting a plural majestic or rhetorical plural, or was he referencing John the Baptist, the prophets, the Holy Spirit, the trinity, or something else?
NKJV - 11 Most assuredly, I say to you, We speak what We know and testify what We have seen, and you do not receive Our witness.
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In my opinion, when Jesus said "we" in this verse, he was not speaking of Himself in the majestic plural as a person of the Godhead, but was referring to the evangelizing being done by both Himself and those (such as the apostles) engaged with Him in preaching the gospel, who had received their knowledge of God directly from hearing Jesus' words and seeing Jesus' actions, and who thus "knew" what they were preaching about as surely as Jesus did. I view this as a parallel construction to Nicodemus' opening statement to Jesus. Although he had come to Jesus alone, he started by saying, "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God..." (John 3:2). Nicodemus thus indicated that he was speaking on behalf of the Jewish religious hierarchy.
The "We" in John 3:11 is same as the "We created man in Our image" in Genesis 1:26. The "We" is the Elohim.
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