ESV - 12 And again Isaiah says, "The root of Jesse will come, even he who arises to rule the Gentiles; in him will the Gentiles hope.
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✿ Who is Jesse? Son of Obed and father of David. He was a grandson of Ruth the Moabitess, and in his native land he found an asylum while David was most in danger from the jealous pursuit of Saul, Ruth 4:17; 1 Samuel 16:1-23; 17:12 22:3 Mt 1:5.) ✿ How was he related to Jesus Christ? The phrase "stem of Jesse" is used for the family of David (Isaiah 11:1), and "root of Jesse" for the Messiah (Isaiah 11:10; Revelation 5:5). Christ was born in the genealogy of Jesse to reign over the nation forever. ✿ What is the significance of Romans 15:12? 1. The Old Testament prophecy (Isa. 11:10) is being fulfilled in Romans 15:12 2. When Christ comes to reign in Jerusalem over all nations, the Lord will undertake again, the second time--to gather all the tribes of Israel from all parts of the earth (Isa. 11:11-12). 3. Both Jews and the Gentiles were to become one in the worship of God, being equal in His mercies and grace. (1 Cor. 12:13, Gal 3:28, Col 3:11) 4. Second Regathering of Israel is in progress since Israel formed as a nation in 1948. The prediction here is that the Lord will gather Israel again a second time. This indicates a previous gathering. When? At the time of the gathering of all members of the thirteen tribes who wanted to return to their own land after the Babylonian captivity. This was the first gathering of Israel from among the nations as pictured in Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. They kept coming back in great numbers until they were a great nation again in the days of Christ. He then predicted their defeat by the Romans and the complete destruction of their city and temple again as in the days of Nebuchadnezzar over 600 years before. Furthermore, He predicted the captivity of Israel, or the Jews, among all nations again (Lk. 21:20-24), declaring their house would be left desolate until the latter days (Mt. 23:37-39). The statement "again the second time" could not have been fulfilled until the first gathering from Babylon and other nations had been accomplished and their second dispersion had come to pass, which was in A.D. 70 when the Romans took them captive among all nations, fulfilling Lk. 21:20-24. God has never regathered them since this dispersion; if it is ever to take place it will have to be in the future. According to the prediction by Isaiah, the gathering will take place "again the second time" and then the Messiah will rule over the nation forever (Isa. 9:6-7; 11:1-12:5).
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