Who wrote Romans?
ESV - 22 I Tertius, who wrote this letter, greet you in the Lord.
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Paul identified himself as the author of Romans in Romans 1:1. Tertius was the scribe who wrote the words of the epistle down as Paul dictated them, and who inserted the personal note at the end of epistle in Romans 16:22 that is referenced in the question. However, except for that note, the entire text of the epistle consists of Paul's words. A similar instance occurs in 1 Corinthians 16:21, where Paul makes a reference to writing a greeting with his own hand, which would indicate that the remainder of the text of the epistle had been dictated by Paul, but had been physically written down by someone else.
I think that the apostle Paul dictated the letter (epistle) and Tertius was his amanuensis (one who takes down dictation or copies manuscripts) The letter to Romans was still from Paul. In Paul’s day most letters were written by a professional scribe called an amanuensis. Sometimes the sender was illiterate, but generally an amanuensis was used to guarantee letters would be grammatically sound and legible. Tertius was Paul’s scribe, and he inserted his own greeting at the close of the letter.
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