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Nathan (Hebrew: נָתַן Nāṯan; Syriac: ܢܬܢ fl. C. 1000 BC) is a prophet in the Hebrew Bible. His actions are described in the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles (especially 2 Samuel 7:2-17, 12:1-25). According to 2 Samuel, he was a court prophet who lived in the time of King David. He announced to David the covenant God was making with him (2 Samuel 7:4-17, a passage known as Nathan's Oracle), contrasting David's proposal to build a house (i.e. a building) for the Ark of the Covenant with God's plan to build a house (i.e. a dynasty) for David. Later, he came to David to reprimand him for committing adultery with Bathsheba while she was the wife of Uriah the Hittite, whose death the King had also arranged to hide his previous transgression (2 Samuel 12:7-14). The name, “Nathan” means given. He was a prophet in the reigns of David and Solomon (2 Chronicles 9:29). He is first spoken of in connection with the arrangements David made for the building of the temple (2 Samuel 7:2; 2 Samuel 7:3; 2 Samuel 7:17), and next appears as the reprover of David on account of his sin with Bathsheba (2 Samuel 12:1-14). He was charged with the education of (Solomon 2 Samuel 12:25), at whose inauguration to the throne he took a prominent part (1 Kings 1:8; 1 Kings 1:10 1 Kings 1:11; 1 Kings 1:22-45). His two sons, Zabad (1 Chronicles 2:36) and Azariah (1 Kings 4:5) occupied places of honour at the king's court. He last appears in assisting David in reorganizing the public worship (2 Chronicles 29:25). He seems to have written a life of David, and also a life of Solomon (1 Chronicles 29:29; 2 Chr 9:29).
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