Edom Refuses Passage

Numbers 20

14 s Now Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of t Edom. u "Thus says your brother Israel: 'You know all the hardship that has befallen us, 15 v 'how our fathers went down to Egypt, w and we dwelt in Egypt a long time, x and the Egyptians 1 afflicted us and our fathers. 16 y 'When we cried out to the LORD, He heard our voice and z sent the Angel and brought us up out of Egypt; now here we are in Kadesh, a city on the edge of your border. 17 'Please a let us pass through your country. We will not pass through fields or vineyards, nor will we drink water from wells; we will go along the King's Highway; we will not turn aside to the right hand or to the left until we have passed through your territory.' " 18 Then b Edom said to him, "You shall not pass through my land, lest I come out against you with the sword." 19 So the children of Israel said to him, "We will go by the Highway, and if I or my livestock drink any of your water, c then I will pay for it; let me only pass through on foot, nothing more." 20 Then he said, d "You shall not pass through." So Edom came out against them with many men and with a strong hand. 21 Thus Edom e refused to give Israel passage through his territory; so Israel f turned away from him.

  1. Cross References
    Judges 11:16
    For when Israel came up from Egypt, they walked through the wilderness as far as the Red Sea and came to Kadesh.
    Judges 11:17
    Then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, "Please let me pass through your land." But the king of Edom would not heed. And in like manner they sent to the king of Moab, but he would not consent. So Israel remained in Kadesh.
  2. Cross References
    Genesis 36:31 - 39
    Now these were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel:
  3. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 2:4
    And command the people, saying, "You are about to pass through the territory of your brethren, the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir; and they will be afraid of you. Therefore watch yourselves carefully.
  4. Cross References
    Genesis 46:6
    So they took their livestock and their goods, which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to Egypt, Jacob and all his descendants with him.
    Acts 7:15
    So Jacob went down to Egypt; and he died, he and our fathers.
  5. Cross References
    Exodus 12:40
    Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.
  6. Cross References
    Exodus 1:11
    Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Raamses.
    Deuteronomy 26:6
    But the Egyptians mistreated us, afflicted us, and laid hard bondage on us.
    Acts 7:19
    This man dealt treacherously with our people, and oppressed our forefathers, making them expose their babies, so that they might not live.
  7. Cross References
    Exodus 2:23
    Now it happened in the process of time that the king of Egypt died. Then the children of Israel groaned because of the bondage, and they cried out; and their cry came up to God because of the bondage.
    Exodus 3:7
    And the LORD said: "I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows.
  8. Cross References
    Exodus 3:2
    And the Angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire from the midst of a bush. So he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, but the bush was not consumed.
    Exodus 14:19
    And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them.
  9. Cross References
    Numbers 21:22
    "Let me pass through your land. We will not turn aside into fields or vineyards; we will not drink water from wells. We will go by the King's Highway until we have passed through your territory."
  10. Cross References
    Numbers 24:18
    And Edom shall be a possession; Seir also, his enemies, shall be a possession, While Israel does valiantly.
    Psalms 137:7
    Remember, O LORD, against the sons of Edom The day of Jerusalem, Who said, "Raze it, raze it, To its very foundation!
    Ezekiel 25:12
    'Thus says the Lord GOD: "Because of what Edom did against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended by avenging itself on them,"
    Ezekiel 25:13
    Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: "I will also stretch out My hand against Edom, cut off man and beast from it, and make it desolate from Teman; Dedan shall fall by the sword.
  11. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 2:6
    You shall buy food from them with money, that you may eat; and you shall also buy water from them with money, that you may drink.
    Deuteronomy 2:28
    You shall sell me food for money, that I may eat, and give me water for money, that I may drink; only let me pass through on foot.
  12. Cross References
    Judges 11:17
    Then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, "Please let me pass through your land." But the king of Edom would not heed. And in like manner they sent to the king of Moab, but he would not consent. So Israel remained in Kadesh.
  13. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 2:27
    Let me pass through your land; I will keep strictly to the road, and I will turn neither to the right nor to the left.
    Deuteronomy 2:30
    But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass through, for the LORD your God hardened his spirit and made his heart obstinate, that He might deliver him into your hand, as it is this day.
  14. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 2:8
    And when we passed beyond our brethren, the descendants of Esau who dwell in Seir, away from the road of the plain, away from Elath and Ezion Geber, we turned and passed by way of the Wilderness of Moab.
    Judges 11:18
    And they went along through the wilderness and bypassed the land of Edom and the land of Moab, came to the east side of the land of Moab, and encamped on the other side of the Arnon. But they did not enter the border of Moab, for the Arnon was the border of Moab.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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