Proverbs 31

The Words of King Lemuel

1 The words of King Lemuel, the utterance which his mother taught him:

2 What, my son?
And what, son of my womb?
And what, a son of my vows?
3 b Do not give your strength to women,
Nor your ways c to that which destroys kings.
4 d It is not for kings, O Lemuel,
It is not for kings to drink wine,
Nor for princes intoxicating drink;
5 e Lest they drink and forget the law,
And pervert the justice of all 1 the afflicted.
6 f Give strong drink to him who is perishing,
And wine to those who are bitter of heart.
7 Let him drink and forget his poverty,
And remember his misery no more.
8 g Open your mouth for the speechless,
In the cause of all who are 2 appointed to die.
9 Open your mouth, h judge righteously,
And i plead the cause of the poor and needy.

The Woman Who Fears the Lord

10 j Who 3 can find a 4 virtuous 5 wife?
For her worth is far above rubies.
11 The heart of her husband safely trusts her;
So he will have no lack of gain.
12 She does him good and not evil
All the days of her life.
13 She seeks wool and flax,
And willingly works with her hands.
14 She is like the merchant ships,
She brings her food from afar.
15 k She also rises while it is yet night,
And l provides food for her household,
And a portion for her maidservants.
16 She considers a field and buys it;
From 6 her profits she plants a vineyard.
17 She girds herself with strength,
And strengthens her arms.
18 She perceives that her merchandise is good,
And her lamp does not go out by night.
19 She stretches out her hands to the distaff,
And her hand holds the spindle.
20 m She extends her hand to the poor,
Yes, she reaches out her hands to the needy.
21 She is not afraid of snow for her household,
For all her household is clothed with scarlet.
22 She makes tapestry for herself;
Her clothing is fine linen and purple.
23 n Her husband is known in the gates,
When he sits among the elders of the land.
24 She makes linen garments and sells them,
And supplies sashes for the merchants.
25 Strength and honor are her clothing;
She shall rejoice in time to come.
26 She opens her mouth with wisdom,
And on her tongue is the law of kindness.
27 She watches over the ways of her household,
And does not eat the bread of idleness.
28 Her children rise up and call her blessed;
Her husband also, and he praises her:
29 "Many daughters have done well,
But you excel them all."
30 Charm is deceitful and beauty is passing,
But a woman who fears the LORD, she shall be praised.
31 Give her of the fruit of her hands,
And let her own works praise her in the gates.

  1. Cross References
    Isaiah 49:15
    Can a woman forget her nursing child, And not have compassion on the son of her womb? Surely they may forget, Yet I will not forget you.
  2. Cross References
    Proverbs 5:9
    Lest you give your honor to others, And your years to the cruel one.
  3. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 17:17
    Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself.
    1 Kings 11:1
    But King Solomon loved many foreign women, as well as the daughter of Pharaoh: women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites -
    Nehemiah 13:26
    Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? Yet among many nations there was no king like him, who was beloved of his God; and God made him king over all Israel. Nevertheless pagan women caused even him to sin.
    Proverbs 7:26
    For she has cast down many wounded, And all who were slain by her were strong men.
    Hosea 4:11
    Harlotry, wine, and new wine enslave the heart.
  4. Cross References
    Ecclesiastes 10:17
    Blessed are you, O land, when your king is the son of nobles, And your princes feast at the proper time - For strength and not for drunkenness!
  5. Cross References
    Hosea 4:11
    Harlotry, wine, and new wine enslave the heart.
  6. Cross References
    Psalms 104:15
    And wine that makes glad the heart of man, Oil to make his face shine, And bread which strengthens man's heart.
  7. Cross References
    Job 29:15
    I was eyes to the blind, And I was feet to the lame.
    Job 29:16
    I was a father to the poor, And I searched out the case that I did not know.
    Psalms 82:1
    God stands in the congregation of the mighty; He judges among the gods.
  8. Cross References
    Leviticus 19:15
    You shall do no injustice in judgment. You shall not be partial to the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty. In righteousness you shall judge your neighbor.
    Deuteronomy 1:16
    Then I commanded your judges at that time, saying, 'Hear the cases between your brethren, and judge righteously between a man and his brother or the stranger who is with him.
  9. Cross References
    Job 29:12
    Because I delivered the poor who cried out, The fatherless and the one who had no helper.
    Isaiah 1:17
    Learn to do good; Seek justice, Rebuke the oppressor; Defend the fatherless, Plead for the widow.
    Jeremiah 22:16
    He judged the cause of the poor and needy; Then it was well. Was not this knowing Me?" says the LORD.
  10. Cross References
    Ruth 3:11
    And now, my daughter, do not fear. I will do for you all that you request, for all the people of my town know that you are a virtuous woman.
    Proverbs 12:4
    An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, But she who causes shame is like rottenness in his bones.
    Proverbs 19:14
    Houses and riches are an inheritance from fathers, But a prudent wife is from the LORD.
  11. Cross References
    Proverbs 20:13
    Do not love sleep, lest you come to poverty; Open your eyes, and you will be satisfied with bread.
    Romans 12:11
    Not lagging in diligence, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.
  12. Cross References
    Luke 12:42
    And the Lord said, "Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his master will make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of food in due season?
  13. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 15:11
    "For the poor will never cease from the land; t...
    Job 31:16 - 20
    If I have kept the poor from their desire, Or c...
    Proverbs 22:9
    He who has a generous eye will be blessed, For ...
    Romans 12:13
    Distributing to the needs of the saints, given ...
    Ephesians 4:28
    Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather l...
    Hebrews 13:16
    But do not forget to do good and to share, for ...
  14. Cross References
    Proverbs 12:4
    An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, But she who causes shame is like rottenness in his bones.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
Previous Book Next Book