Isaiah 17

An Oracle Concerning Damascus

1 An s oracle concerning t Damascus.
Behold, Damascus will cease to be a city
and will become a heap of ruins.
2 The cities of u Aroer are deserted;
they will be for flocks,
which will lie down, and v none will make them afraid.
3 The fortress will disappear from w Ephraim,
and the kingdom from w Damascus;
and the remnant of Syria will be
like x the glory of the children of Israel,
declares the Lord of hosts.

4 And in that day x the glory of Jacob will be brought low,
and y the fat of his flesh will grow lean.
5 And it shall be z as when the reaper gathers standing grain
and his arm harvests the ears,
and as when one gleans the ears of grain
in a the Valley of Rephaim.
6 b Gleanings will be left in it,
as when an olive tree is beaten -
two or three berries
in the top of the highest bough,
four or five
on the branches of a fruit tree,
declares the Lord God of Israel.

7 c In that day man will look to his Maker, and his eyes will look on the Holy One of Israel. 8 d He will not look to the altars, the work of his hands, and he will not look on what his own fingers have made, either the e Asherim or the altars of incense.

9 f In that day their strong cities will be like the deserted places of the wooded heights and the hilltops, which they deserted because of the children of Israel, and there will be desolation.

10 For g you have forgotten the God of your salvation
and have not remembered the h Rock of your refuge;
therefore, though you plant pleasant plants
and sow the vine-branch of a stranger,
11 though you make them grow 1 on the day that you plant them,
and make them blossom in the morning that you sow,
yet the harvest will flee away 2
in a day of grief and incurable pain.

12 Ah, i the thunder of many peoples;
they thunder like the thundering of the sea!
Ah, the roar of nations;
they roar like the roaring of mighty waters!
13 j The nations roar like the roaring of many waters,
k but he will rebuke them, and they will flee far away,
chased l like chaff on the mountains before the wind
and m whirling dust before the storm.
14 n At evening time, behold, terror!
Before morning, they are no more!
This is the portion of those who loot us,
and the lot of those who plunder us.

  1. Cross References
    Isaiah 13:1
    The oracle concerning Babylon which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw.
  2. Cross References
    Isaiah 7:8
    For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin. And within sixty-five years Ephraim will be shattered from being a people.
    Zechariah 9:1
    The burden of the word of the Lord is against the land of Hadrach and Damascus is its resting place. For the Lord has an eye on mankind and on all the tribes of Israel.
    Jeremiah 49:23 - 27
    Concerning Damascus: "Hamath and Arpad are confounded, for they have heard bad news; they melt in fear, they are troubled like the sea that cannot be quiet.
    Amos 1:3 - 5
    Thus says the Lord : "For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment, because they have threshed Gilead with threshing sledges of iron.
  3. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 2:36
    From Aroer, which is on the edge of the Valley of the Arnon, and from the city that is in the valley, as far as Gilead, there was not a city too high for us. The Lord our God gave all into our hands.
    Joshua 13:25
    Their territory was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the Ammonites, to Aroer, which is east of Rabbah.
  4. Cross References
    Micah 4:4
    But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree, and no one shall make them afraid, for the mouth of the Lord of hosts has spoken.
  5. Cross References
    Isaiah 7:16
    For before the boy knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land whose two kings you dread will be deserted.
    Isaiah 8:4
    For before the boy knows how to cry 'My father' or 'My mother,' the wealth of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria will be carried away before the king of Assyria.
  6. Cross References
    Isaiah 7:16
    For before the boy knows how to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land whose two kings you dread will be deserted.
    Isaiah 8:4
    For before the boy knows how to cry 'My father' or 'My mother,' the wealth of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria will be carried away before the king of Assyria.
  7. Cross References
    1 Samuel 4:21
    And she named the child Ichabod, saying, "The glory has departed from Israel!" because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband.
  8. Cross References
    Isaiah 17:3
    The fortress will disappear from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus; and the remnant of Syria will be like the glory of the children of Israel, declares the Lord of hosts.
  9. Cross References
    Isaiah 10:16
    Therefore the Lord God of hosts will send wasting sickness among his stout warriors, and under his glory a burning will be kindled, like the burning of fire.
  10. Cross References
    Isaiah 24:1
    Behold, the Lord will empty the earth and make it desolate, and he will twist its surface and scatter its inhabitants.
  11. Cross References
    2 Samuel 5:18
    Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.
  12. Cross References
    Isaiah 24:13
    For thus it shall be in the midst of the earth among the nations, as when an olive tree is beaten, as at the gleaning when the grape harvest is done.
  13. Cross References
    Hosea 8:14
    For Israel has forgotten his Maker and built palaces, and Judah has multiplied fortified cities; so I will send a fire upon his cities, and it shall devour her strongholds.
  14. Cross References
    Isaiah 27:9
    Therefore by this the guilt of Jacob will be atoned for, and this will be the full fruit of the removal of his sin: when he makes all the stones of the altars like chalkstones crushed to pieces, no Asherim or incense altars will remain standing.
    Micah 5:13 - 14
    And I will cut off your carved images and your pillars from among you, and you shall bow down no more to the work of your hands.
  15. Cross References
    Exodus 34:13
    You shall tear down their altars and break their pillars and cut down their Asherim
    Deuteronomy 16:21
    You shall not plant any tree as an Asherah beside the altar of the Lord your God that you shall make.
  16. Cross References
    Isaiah 27:10
    For the fortified city is solitary, a habitation deserted and forsaken, like the wilderness; there the calf grazes; there it lies down and strips its branches.
  17. Cross References
    Psalms 106:21
    They forgot God, their Savior, who had done great things in Egypt.
  18. Cross References
    Isaiah 26:4
    Trust in the Lord forever, for the Lord God is an everlasting rock.
    Deuteronomy 32:4
    The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.
    Deuteronomy 32:18
    You were unmindful of the Rock that bore you, and you forgot the God who gave you birth.
    Deuteronomy 32:31
    For their rock is not as our Rock; our enemies are by themselves.
  19. Cross References
    Isaiah 22:5 - 7
    For the Lord God of hosts has a day of tumult and trampling and confusion in the valley of vision, a battering down of walls and a shouting to the mountains.
  20. Cross References
    Isaiah 33:3
    At the tumultuous noise peoples flee; when you lift yourself up, nations are scattered.
  21. Cross References
    Psalms 9:5
    You have rebuked the nations; you have made the wicked perish; you have blotted out their name forever and ever.
    Joel 3:2
    I will gather all the nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. And I will enter into judgment with them there, on behalf of my people and my heritage Israel, because they have scattered them among the nations and have divided up my land.
  22. Cross References
    Psalms 1:4
    The wicked are not so, but are like chaff that the wind drives away.
  23. Cross References
    Psalms 83:13
    O my God, make them like whirling dust, like chaff before the wind.
  24. Cross References
    Psalms 30:5
    For his anger is but for a moment, and his favor is for a lifetime. Weeping may tarry for the night, but joy comes with the morning.
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.
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