ESV - 10 So the king took his signet ring from his hand and gave it to Haman the Agagite, the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews.
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Haman was the son of Hammedath, an Agagite, the Jews 'enemy. Haman, "well- disposed." He was called the Agagite because of his Amalekite descent. He is mentioned 53 times in Esther (Esther 3:1-- Esther 9:24). He hated the Jews and yearned to be exalted higher than others-- a combination of traits which caused his own destruction as well as that of his family. He never considered principle when seeking honor. Haman sought to destroy all the Jews, not only those belonging to the tribe of Judah (Esther 3:6, 13). He had no way of telling which ones were from Judah or the other tribes. Queen Esther and Mordecai were Benjamites and Jews (Esther 2:5, 7; 4:13; 7:3). Destruction of Amalekites: "Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget it." This prophecy in Deuteronomy (Deut. 25:19) is fulfilled. This could be called a prophetic command. Amalek gave Israel trouble during the judges (Judg. 3:13; 5:14; 6:3, 33; 7:12; 10:12; 12:15). God then commanded Saul to fulfill this prophecy and kill every Amalekite (1Sam. 14:48; 15:1- 5). He completely broke the power of Amalek, but did not fully obey God in destroying them, and so was rejected as king and destroyed (1Sam. 15:10- 35; 28:18). Later, the remnant was destroyed by Simeonites in the days of Hezekiah (1Chr. 4:39- 43). It seems that Haman and his ten sons were the last of the Amalekites. They were destroyed in the time of Esther, when the prophecy was literally and completely fulfilled.
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