Psalm 82 A psalm of Asaph. 1 God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the “gods”:
ESV - 1 God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment:
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In my opinion, the word "gods" in the passage cited in the question is being used in the same sense by the psalmist that Jesus employed it in John 10:34 in response to the Jewish opponents who wanted to stone Him for blasphemy, in which He quoted from the same psalm (Psalm 82:6). Those being referred to as "gods" in the psalm are not actual deities or beings who are equal to God, but are "gods" in the sense that they are humans to whom God has entrusted the responsibility of acting on His behalf by exercising the same judging and administrative powers in human affairs that He possesses on a divine level. As such, even though those humans are referred to as "gods", they are still subordinate to the one true God, and are themselves subject to being judged by Him.
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