ESV - 2 It is the glory of God to conceal things, but the glory of kings is to search things out.
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I interpret Solomon to be saying here that the omniscience of God (including knowledge that humans do not have, or concepts that humans cannot explain or fully comprehend) is one of the aspects of His being that contributes to His glory and deity, and makes Him worthy of worship. As beings with less than full or perfect knowledge, it is to the glory of earthly kings to be leaders in seeking and discovering information that is not yet known (including with respect to God and His will), in order to allow them to rule wisely, or to benefit their subjects.
It is the glory of God 1 to conceal 2 a matter, and it is the glory of a king to search out a matter. 1 The proverb provides a contrast between God and the king, and therein is the clue to the range of application involved. The interest of the king is ruling or administering his government, and so the subject matter is a contrast to the way God rules his kingdom. 2 The two infinitives form the heart of the contrast – “to conceal a matter” and “to search out a matter.” God’s government of the universe is beyond human understanding – humans cannot begin to fathom the intentions and operations of it. But it is the glory of kings to search out matters and make them intelligible to the people. The human government cannot claim divine secrecy; kings have to study and investigate everything before making a decision, even divine government as far as possible. But kings who rule as God’s representatives must also try to represent his will in human affairs – they must even inquire after God to find his will. This is their glorious nature and responsibility.
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