ESV - 10 Then Jesus said to them, "Do not be afraid; go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee, and there they will see me.
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Jesus wanted to convey the message so that he could meet up with all the eleven disciples together in Galilee. However Thomas was absent. The rest of the 10 disciples were present (Jn. 20:19) These women were the second witnesses of the resurrection (Mt. 28:7-8,10). They held him by the feet. They prostrated themselves in worship.This was after He had told Mary not to touch Him for He was going to ascend to God (Jn. 20:17). It proves that they could touch Him, but not detain Him at this time. Jesus went immediately to heaven. Jesus wanted them to go tell His brethren that He would ascend to God but will be back again to see them." That very day He did ascend to heaven and came back to appear with disciples (Jn. 20:19). Christ used the endearing term "brethren" to let His disciples know that He would not reproach them for their past cowardice and unbelief and that all the past was forgiven and forgotten forever. Christ made it clear who His brethren were--they were His disciples, not His fleshly brothers (Mt. 12:49; 28:10; Lk. 8:19-21 Heb. 2:11).
I think it is clear that the apostles first saw the resurrected Jesus in Jerusalem in Judea on the first evening after He was resurrected (John 20:19). Therefore, I would say that, in Jesus' instructions to the women in the passage cited in the question, He was not intending for the apostles to go immediately (that is, that very day) to Galilee (which could not have been carried out in one day in any event). Nor was He saying that His appearance to them in Galilee would be the first time that they would see Him after His resurrection (since the other gospels make it clear that it was not). However, the apostles apparently did go to from Jerusalem to Galilee (as recorded in Matthew 28:16) at some point during the forty days before Jesus' ascension, and Jesus again appeared to them there, also, before they all returned to Jerusalem for Jesus' ascension. (I think that the apostles' return to Galilee between Jesus' resurrection and ascension is also substantiated by the account of them going fishing on the Sea of Galilee (also known as the Sea of Tiberias) in John 21.)
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