ESV - 6 We know that our old self was crucified with him in order that the body of sin might be brought to nothing, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin.
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The "old man" in Rom 6:6 is none other than Satan himself, "the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience" (Eph. 2:2; 4:22-24 Col. 3:9; Jn. 8:44; 1Jn. 3:8; 5:18). To call this the old Adamic nature is erroneous, for nothing happened to Adam other than his submission to Satan and a moral fall. Adam had the same body, soul, and spirit after the fall as before. The only difference was a change of masters. There is no such thing as an old nature other than man's own body, soul, and spirit dominated by satanic powers, as in Rom. 6:6 Being "dead to sin" (Rom. 6:2), "crucified with him" (Rom. 6:6), "dead with Christ" (Rom. 6:8), "dead to the law" (Rom. 7:4), and like expressions are common among Hebrews, Greeks, Latins, and other people. To die to a thing or person, is to have nothing to do with and to be totally separated from it or him. To live to a person or a thing is to be wholly given up to and to have intimate connection with that person or thing. Having the old man crucified means that one has no further dealings with him. In fact, 1Jn. 5:18 says the wicked one does not touch the one who is born again.
Question: What does "the body of sin" in Romans 6:6 mean? “Knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.” (Romans 6:6) First we need to establish that the primary biblical usage of “old man” comes from two words. Old (Gr. Palaios) means old, ancient, well worn. Man (Gr. Anthrōpos) is simply a human being, either male or female. “Body” (Gr. Sōma) refers to the physical body and “of sin” (Gr. hamartia) to be without, to err, miss the mark, be mistaken, violate God’s law, etc. Note the pronoun “our” which identifies the old man Paul is referring to. Next he uses the conjunction “that” (in order that, so that) the body of sin might be destroyed. Which body? The body Paul just referred to, the old man. The salvation experience is three-fold. 1. Upon (genuine) saving belief in Christ the individual is saved from the guilt and penalty of sin. 2. The born again believer is being saved day by day from the power and dominion of sin. 3. When Christ returns believers will be saved from the very presence of sin and free from all the disease and sickness associated with sin and God’s curse upon the world. Point number 2 is what Paul is talking about; the believer is being saved day by day from sin’s power and control over him. As he states in Romans 6:3-5 “Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:”
I'm glad you asked. We see in Romans 6:6 (LIfe Application Bible Notes) the power and penalty of sin died with Christ on the cross.Our "old man", our sinful nature, died once and for all, so we are freed from its power.The "body of sin" is not the human body, but our rebellious sin-loving nature inherited from Adam. Paul has already stated that through faith in Christ, we stand acquitted, "not guilty"before God. The difference is that before we were saved, we were slaves to our sinful nature, but now we can choose to live for Christ (see Galatians 2:20).
The words 'body' or 'bodies' in Rom 6 - 8 are used 8 times and always refer to our physical bodies. Therefore 'body of sin' refers to the fact that in some way sin infects our bodies. This is not to say that we fall into the Gnostic error, teaching that matter and hence our bodies are inherently evil. Somehow sin enslaves our bodies and is expressed through our bodies. Even in the case of the born again Christian the body remains in a fallen condition and in a fallen world as is proved by pain, sickness and the aging process. The difficult question to answer is how is the body of sin is 'brought to nothing' or 'rendered powerless' or 'annulled' as it is variously translated? In the original Greek, the verb is in the aorist tense, the passive voice and in the subjunctive mood. Respectively these mean that it is a once for all action and it is done to us. Then the subjunctive mood indicates potentiality or possibility. How can this come about? When we are obedient to 6:11--14 we fulfill the conditional aspect that the subjunctive infers. In v11 we must consider or reckon with the fact that we are new persons in Christ. Hence we must refuse (according to v12-13) to use our bodies to express sin. According to v14 law is not our master but grace is. What grace? In the context of the earlier verses of this chapter it is the grace that caused the old person we were in union with Adam to be crucified with Christ. It is the grace that caused us to rise to new life in union with Christ. The best way to live a Christ like life is to constantly remember the wonder of what it is to be a Christian. In the face of sin and temptation we need to realize that we are the new persons that Paul teaches us here in Romans 6 I could prove that this method is not only in the writings of Paul but also in James, 1 and 2Peter, 1John and indeed in Christ's own teaching.
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