Is He referring to King David, or is this a prophecy of Christ?
NIV - 24 I the Lord will be their God, and my servant David will be prince among them. I the Lord have spoken.
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We are to take this literally and not as a symbolic name of Christ, for we do not have the slightest proof that this David refers to Him (Ezek. 34:23-24). David will be the chief under-shepherd of Israel--all Israel, all 13 tribes--under the Messiah (Ezek. 34:23-24; 37:24-25 Hos. 3:5; Amos 9:11). Christ will be the Chief Shepherd (Heb. 13:20; 1Pet. 2:25; 5:4). The 12 apostles will reign over one tribe each under David and the Messiah (Mt. 19:28; Lk. 22:30).
The context of this verse is established in Ezek 34:13, where the LORD promises to gather all his flock to their own land. This has already begun and will continue until all Jews in the world are relocated to Israel (Ezek 37:21). So, the time of David as a prince begins in the last days and extends through the Millennial Kingdom. In the bible, God is king of the earth, and princes function as authorities over different ethnicities. Thus we have had the Prince of Persia, the Prince of Grecia (Dan 10:11) the Chief Prince of Meshech and Tubal (Ezek 38:2), for example. David will be the Prince of Judah, or the Jews (Jewish Christians) in the land of Israel during the Millennial Kingdom. His direct reign would extend for a 1,000 years in the same manner as Christ's reign does. He may likely be one of the 24 elders with crowns seen in Rev 4:4. The twelve apostles will reign over the 12 tribes of Israel (in its largest, final spiritual sense) in the regeneration (resurrection) after the Millennial Kingdom has passed (Matt 19:28).
I strongly believe that this passage is speaking about Christ and His Kingship reigning on earth for one thousand years.
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