NASB - 9 And recognizing the grace that had been given to me, James and Cephas and John, who were reputed to be pillars, gave to me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, so that we might go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised.
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From my understanding, Cephas is the Aramaic equivalent of Peter or petros in the Greek.
Simon was the first disciple that Jesus called to follow him. Jesus was introduced to Simon by his brother Andrew (John 1:42). At that first meeting, Jesus called Simon "Cephas", which in Aramaic means "stone". Later, in Luke 8-11, just before Jesus called Simon to follow him, he called him "Peter", which also means "stone" in Greek. Names in Biblical times were given according to a trait that was seen in the person. It is my interpretation that Jesus saw that Peter would be a corner stone in his Church.
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