David's Lament for Saul and Jonathan

2 Samuel 1

17 Then David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son, 18 u and he told them to teach the children of Judah the Song of the Bow; indeed it is written v in the Book 1 of Jasher:

19 "The beauty of Israel is slain on your high places!
w How the mighty have fallen!
20 x Tell it not in Gath,
Proclaim it not in the streets of y Ashkelon -
Lest z the daughters of the Philistines rejoice,
Lest the daughters of a the uncircumcised triumph.

21 "O b mountains of Gilboa,
c Let there be no dew nor rain upon you,
Nor fields of offerings.
For the shield of the mighty is 2 cast away there!
The shield of Saul, not d anointed with oil.

22 From the blood of the slain,
From the fat of the mighty,
e The bow of Jonathan did not turn back,
And the sword of Saul did not return empty.

23 "Saul and Jonathan were beloved and pleasant in their lives,
And in their f death they were not divided;
They were swifter than eagles,
They were g stronger than lions.

24 "O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,
Who clothed you in scarlet, with luxury;
Who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.

25 "How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle!
Jonathan was slain in your high places.
26 I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan;
You have been very pleasant to me;
h Your love to me was wonderful,
Surpassing the love of women.

27 "How i the mighty have fallen,
And the weapons of war perished!"

  1. Cross References
    2 Samuel 1:10
    "So I stood over him and killed him, because I was sure that he could not live after he had fallen. And I took the crown that was on his head and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them here to my lord."
    Luke 19:22
    And he said to him, 'Out of your own mouth I will judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was an austere man, collecting what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow.
  2. Cross References
    1 Samuel 31:3
    The battle became fierce against Saul. The archers hit him, and he was severely wounded by the archers.
  3. Cross References
    Joshua 10:13
    So the sun stood still, And the moon stopped, Till the people had revenge Upon their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.
  4. Cross References
    2 Samuel 1:27
    "How the mighty have fallen, And the weapons of war perished!"
  5. Cross References
    1 Samuel 27:2
    Then David arose and went over with the six hundred men who were with him to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
    1 Samuel 31:8 - 13
    So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa.
    Micah 1:10
    Tell it not in Gath, Weep not at all; In Beth Aphrah Roll yourself in the dust.
  6. Cross References
    1 Samuel 6:17
    These are the golden tumors which the Philistines returned as a trespass offering to the LORD: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for Gath, one for Ekron.
    Jeremiah 25:20
    All the mixed multitude, all the kings of the land of Uz, all the kings of the land of the Philistines (namely, Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod).
  7. Cross References
    Exodus 15:20
    Then Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took the timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
    Judges 11:34
    When Jephthah came to his house at Mizpah, there was his daughter, coming out to meet him with timbrels and dancing; and she was his only child. Besides her he had neither son nor daughter.
    1 Samuel 18:6
    Now it had happened as they were coming home, when David was returning from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women had come out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy, and with musical instruments.
  8. Cross References
    1 Samuel 31:4
    Then Saul said to his armorbearer, "Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me." But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it.
  9. Cross References
    1 Samuel 31:1
    Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa.
  10. Cross References
    Ezekiel 31:15
    Thus says the Lord GOD: 'In the day when it went down to hell, I caused mourning. I covered the deep because of it. I restrained its rivers, and the great waters were held back. I caused Lebanon to mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted because of it.
  11. Cross References
    1 Samuel 10:1
    Then Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on his head, and kissed him and said: " Is it not because the LORD has anointed you commander over His inheritance?
  12. Cross References
    Deuteronomy 32:42
    I will make My arrows drunk with blood, And My sword shall devour flesh, With the blood of the slain and the captives, From the heads of the leaders of the enemy."
    1 Samuel 18:4
    And Jonathan took off the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his armor, even to his sword and his bow and his belt.
  13. Cross References
    1 Samuel 31:2 - 4
    Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons.
  14. Cross References
    Judges 14:18
    So the men of the city said to him on the seventh day before the sun went down: "What is sweeter than honey? And what is stronger than a lion?" And he said to them: "If you had not plowed with my heifer, You would not have solved my riddle!
  15. Cross References
    1 Samuel 18:1 - 4
    Now when he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
    1 Samuel 19:2
    So Jonathan told David, saying, "My father Saul seeks to kill you. Therefore please be on your guard until morning, and stay in a secret place and hide.
    1 Samuel 20:17
    Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
New King James Version (NKJV) Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
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