Judgment on Ephraim and Jerusalem

Isaiah 28

1 Ah, the proud crown of y the drunkards of Ephraim,
and the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
which is on the head of the rich valley of those overcome with wine!
2 Behold, the Lord has z one who is mighty and strong;
like a storm of hail, a destroying tempest,
like a a storm of mighty, overflowing waters,
he casts down to the earth with his hand.
3 b The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim
will be trodden underfoot;
4 c and the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
which is on the head of the rich valley,
will be like d a first-ripe fig before the summer:
when someone sees it, he swallows it
as soon as it is in his hand.

5 e In that day the Lord of hosts will be a crown of glory, 1
and a diadem of beauty, to the remnant of his people,
6 and f a spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment,
and g strength to those who turn back the battle at the gate.

7 h These also reel with wine
and i stagger with strong drink;
the priest and j the prophet reel with strong drink,
they are swallowed by 2 wine,
they stagger with strong drink,
they reel in vision,
they stumble in giving judgment.
8 For all tables are full of filthy vomit,
with no space left.

9 k "To whom will he teach knowledge,
and to whom will he explain the message?
Those who are weaned from the milk,
those taken from the breast?
10 For it is precept upon precept, precept upon precept,
line upon line, line upon line,
here a little, there a little."

11 l For by people of strange lips
and with a foreign tongue
the Lord will speak to this people,
12 to whom he has said,
m "This is rest;
give rest to the weary;
and this is repose";
yet they would not hear.
13 And the word of the Lord will be to them
precept upon precept, precept upon precept,
line upon line, line upon line,
here a little, there a little,
n that they may go, and fall backward,
and be broken, and snared, and taken.

  1. Cross References
    Hosea 7:5
    On the day of our king, the princes became sick with the heat of wine; he stretched out his hand with mockers.
  2. Cross References
    Isaiah 8:7
    Therefore, behold, the Lord is bringing up against them the waters of the River, mighty and many, the king of Assyria and all his glory. And it will rise over all its channels and go over all its banks.
  3. Cross References
    Isaiah 28:15
    Because you have said, "We have made a covenant with death, and with Sheol we have an agreement, when the overwhelming whip passes through it will not come to us, for we have made lies our refuge, and in falsehood we have taken shelter".
    Isaiah 28:18
    Then your covenant with death will be annulled, and your agreement with Sheol will not stand; when the overwhelming scourge passes through, you will be beaten down by it.
  4. Cross References
    Isaiah 28:1
    Ah, the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim, and the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley of those overcome with wine!
  5. Cross References
    Amos 8:1 - 2
    This is what the Lord God showed me: behold, a basket of summer fruit.
  6. Cross References
    Hosea 9:10
    Like grapes in the wilderness, I found Israel. Like the first fruit on the fig tree in its first season, I saw your fathers. But they came to Baal-peor and consecrated themselves to the thing of shame, and became detestable like the thing they loved.
    Micah 7:1
    Woe is me! For I have become as when the summer fruit has been gathered, as when the grapes have been gleaned: there is no cluster to eat, no first-ripe fig that my soul desires.
  7. Cross References
    Isaiah 2:11
    The haughty looks of man shall be brought low, and the lofty pride of men shall be humbled, and the Lord alone will be exalted in that day.
  8. Cross References
    1 Kings 3:28
    And all Israel heard of the judgment that the king had rendered, and they stood in awe of the king, because they perceived that the wisdom of God was in him to do justice.
  9. Cross References
    Isaiah 38:6
    I will deliver you and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria, and will defend this city.
  10. Cross References
    Isaiah 3:12
    My people - infants are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, your guides mislead you and they have swallowed up the course of your paths.
  11. Cross References
    Hosea 4:11
    Whoredom, wine, and new wine, which take away the understanding.
  12. Cross References
    Isaiah 9:15
    The elder and honored man is the head, and the prophet who teaches lies is the tail.
    Isaiah 56:10
    His watchmen are blind; they are all without knowledge; they are all silent dogs; they cannot bark, dreaming, lying down, loving to slumber.
    Isaiah 56:12
    "Come," they say, "let me get wine; let us fill ourselves with strong drink; and tomorrow will be like this day, great beyond measure."
  13. Cross References
    Jeremiah 6:10
    To whom shall I speak and give warning, that they may hear? Behold, their ears are uncircumcised, they cannot listen; behold, the word of the Lord is to them an object of scorn; they take no pleasure in it.
  14. Cross References
    1 Corinthians 14:21
    In the Law it is written, "By people of strange tongues and by the lips of foreigners will I speak to this people, and even then they will not listen to me, says the Lord.
    Isaiah 5:26 - 29
    He will raise a signal for nations far away, and whistle for them from the ends of the earth; and behold, quickly, speedily they come!
  15. Cross References
    Isaiah 30:15
    For thus said the Lord God, the Holy One of Israel, "In returning and rest you shall be saved; in quietness and in trust shall be your strength." But you were unwilling.
    Matthew 11:28 - 29
    Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
  16. Cross References
    Isaiah 8:15
    And many shall stumble on it. They shall fall and be broken; they shall be snared and taken.
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.
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