An Oracle Concerning Egypt

Isaiah 19

1 An a oracle concerning b Egypt.
Behold, the Lord c is riding on a swift cloud
and comes to Egypt;
and d the idols of Egypt will tremble at his presence,
and the heart of the Egyptians will e melt within them.
2 And I will stir up Egyptians against Egyptians,
f and they will fight, each against another
and each against his neighbor,
city against city, kingdom against kingdom;
3 and the spirit of the Egyptians within them will be emptied out,
and I will confound 1 their g counsel;
and they will inquire of the idols and the sorcerers,
and h the mediums and the necromancers;
4 and I will give over the Egyptians
into the hand of i a hard master,
and a fierce king will rule over them,
declares the Lord God of hosts.

5 And the waters of the sea will be dried up,
and the river will be dry and parched,
6 and its canals will become foul,
and the branches of Egypt's Nile will diminish and dry up,
reeds and rushes will rot away.
7 There will be bare places by the Nile,
on the brink of the Nile,
and all that is sown by the Nile will be parched,
will be driven away, and will be no more.
8 The j fishermen will mourn and lament,
all who cast a hook in the Nile;
and they will languish
who spread nets on the water.
9 The workers in k combed flax will be in despair,
and the weavers of white cotton.
10 Those who are the l pillars of the land will be crushed,
and all who m work for pay will be grieved.

11 The princes of n Zoan are utterly foolish;
the wisest counselors of Pharaoh give stupid counsel.
How can you say to Pharaoh,
"I am a son of the wise,
a son of ancient kings"?
12 Where then are your o wise men?
Let them tell you
that they might know what the Lord of hosts has purposed against Egypt.
13 The princes of n Zoan have become fools,
and the princes of p Memphis are deluded;
those who are the q cornerstones of her tribes
have made Egypt stagger.
14 The Lord has mingled within her r a spirit of confusion,
and they will make Egypt stagger in all its deeds,
s as a drunken man staggers in his vomit.
15 And there will be nothing for Egypt
that t head or tail, palm branch or reed, may do.

  1. Cross References
    Isaiah 13:1
    The oracle concerning Babylon which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw.
  2. Cross References
    Joel 3:19
    Egypt shall become a desolation and Edom a desolate wilderness, for the violence done to the people of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land.
    Jeremiah 46:13 - 26
    The word that the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the coming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to strike the land of Egypt:
    Ezekiel 29:1 - 31:2
    In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:
    Ezekiel 31:18 - 32:32
    "Whom are you thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? You shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below. You shall lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword. "This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, declares the Lord God."
  3. Cross References
    Psalms 18:10 - 11
    He rode on a cherub and flew; he came swiftly on the wings of the wind.
    Psalms 104:3
    He lays the beams of his chambers on the waters; he makes the clouds his chariot; he rides on the wings of the wind.
    Matthew 26:64
    Jesus said to him, "You have said so. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.
    Revelation 1:7
    Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him, and all tribes of the earth will wail on account of him. Even so. Amen.
  4. Cross References
    Exodus 12:12
    For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the Lord.
    1 Samuel 5:3
    And when the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, behold, Dagon had fallen face downward on the ground before the ark of the Lord. So they took Dagon and put him back in his place.
    Jeremiah 43:12
    I shall kindle a fire in the temples of the gods of Egypt, and he shall burn them and carry them away captive. And he shall clean the land of Egypt as a shepherd cleans his cloak of vermin, and he shall go away from there in peace.
    Jeremiah 50:2
    "Declare among the nations and proclaim, set up a banner and proclaim, conceal it not, and say: 'Babylon is taken, Bel is put to shame, Merodach is dismayed. Her images are put to shame, her idols are dismayed.'
  5. Cross References
    Isaiah 13:7
    Therefore all hands will be feeble, and every human heart will melt.
    Joshua 2:11
    And as soon as we heard it, our hearts melted, and there was no spirit left in any man because of you, for the Lord your God, he is God in the heavens above and on the earth beneath.
  6. Cross References
    Judges 7:22
    When they blew the 300 trumpets, the Lord set every man's sword against his comrade and against all the army. And the army fled as far as Beth-shittah toward Zererah, as far as the border of Abel-meholah, by Tabbath.
  7. Cross References
    Isaiah 19:11
    The princes of Zoan are utterly foolish; the wisest counselors of Pharaoh give stupid counsel. How can you say to Pharaoh, "I am a son of the wise, a son of ancient kings"?
  8. Cross References
    Isaiah 8:19
    And when they say to you, "Inquire of the mediums and the necromancers who chirp and mutter," should not a people inquire of their God? Should they inquire of the dead on behalf of the living?
  9. Cross References
    Isaiah 20:4
    So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptian captives and the Cushite exiles, both the young and the old, naked and barefoot, with buttocks uncovered, the nakedness of Egypt.
    Jeremiah 46:26
    I will deliver them into the hand of those who seek their life, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and his officers. Afterward Egypt shall be inhabited as in the days of old, declares the Lord.
    Ezekiel 29:19
    Therefore thus says the Lord God : Behold, I will give the land of Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and he shall carry off its wealth and despoil it and plunder it; and it shall be the wages for his army.
  10. Cross References
    Numbers 11:5
    We remember the fish we ate in Egypt that cost nothing, the cucumbers, the melons, the leeks, the onions, and the garlic.
  11. Cross References
    Ezekiel 27:7
    Of fine embroidered linen from Egypt was your sail, serving as your banner; blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah was your awning.
  12. Cross References
    Galatians 2:9
    And when James and Cephas and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given to me, they gave the right hand of fellowship to Barnabas and me, that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised.
  13. Cross References
    Jeremiah 46:21
    Even her hired soldiers in her midst are like fattened calves; yes, they have turned and fled together; they did not stand, for the day of their calamity has come upon them, the time of their punishment.
  14. Cross References
    Isaiah 30:4
    For though his officials are at Zoan and his envoys reach Hanes.
    Numbers 13:22
    They went up into the Negeb and came to Hebron. Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the descendants of Anak, were there. ( Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
    Psalms 78:43
    When he performed his signs in Egypt and his marvels in the fields of Zoan.
  15. Cross References
    1 Kings 4:30
    So that Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt.
    Acts 7:22
    And Moses was instructed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and he was mighty in his words and deeds.
  16. Cross References
    Isaiah 19:11
    The princes of Zoan are utterly foolish; the wisest counselors of Pharaoh give stupid counsel. How can you say to Pharaoh, "I am a son of the wise, a son of ancient kings"?
  17. Cross References
    Jeremiah 2:16
    Moreover, the men of Memphis and Tahpanhes have...
    Jeremiah 44:1
    The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all t...
    Jeremiah 46:14
    "Declare in Egypt, and proclaim in Migdol; proc...
    Jeremiah 46:19
    Prepare yourselves baggage for exile, O inhabit...
    Ezekiel 30:13
    Thus says the Lord God : "I will destroy the id...
    Ezekiel 30:16
    And I will set fire to Egypt; Pelusium shall be...
  18. Cross References
    Zechariah 10:4
    From him shall come the cornerstone, from him the tent peg, from him the battle bow, from him every ruler - all of them together.
  19. Cross References
    1 Kings 22:22
    And the Lord said to him, 'By what means?' And he said, 'I will go out, and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' And he said, 'You are to entice him, and you shall succeed; go out and do so.
  20. Cross References
    Isaiah 24:20
    The earth staggers like a drunken man; it sways like a hut; its transgression lies heavy upon it, and it falls, and will not rise again.
    Isaiah 29:9
    Astonish yourselves and be astonished; blind yourselves and be blind! Be drunk, but not with wine; stagger, but not with strong drink!
  21. Cross References
    Isaiah 9:14
    So the Lord cut off from Israel head and tail, palm branch and reed in one day -
English Standard Version (ESV) The Holy Bible, English Standard Version Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a division of Good News Publishers.
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