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Exegeting Galatians: A Messianic Jewish Commentary

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Historically, the book of Galatians has challenged Christian commentators due largely to the technical discussions of biblical topics ranging from circumcision, to the Torah, to freedom in Christ. A con...

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Exegeting Galatians: A Messianic Jewish Commentary

By: Tetze Torah Ministries

Preface: Ten Common Questions Regarding Torah Observance for Gentile Christians

Galatians 2:15 - 16

15 We ourselves are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners; 16 yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified. ...

Introduction

Matthew 5:17 - 20

17 "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. 18 For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. ...

1. "B'rit Milah" (Covenant of Circumcision)

Genesis 12:1 - 3

1 Now the Lord said to Abram, "Go from your country and your kindred and your father's house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. ...

2. Ouch Factor: “Why the Male Reproductive Organ?”

Genesis 17:9 - 14

9 And God said to Abraham, "As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. 10 This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your offspring after you: Every male among you shall be circumcised. ...

3. “Works of Law” Part One: Proselyte Conversion (Understanding the Background)

Galatians 2:16

16 yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.

4. “Works of Law” Part Two: Examining Galatians 2:16

Galatians 2:16

16 yet we know that a person is not justified by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ, so we also have believed in Christ Jesus, in order to be justified by faith in Christ and not by works of the law, because by works of the law no one will be justified.

5. Covenantal Nomism and Justification

Acts 15:1 - 5

1 But some men came down from Judea and were teaching the brothers, "Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved." 2 And after Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and debate with them, Paul and Barnabas and some of the others were appointed to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and the elders about this question. ...

6. Lesson From Acts 10

Acts 10:34 - 35

34 So Peter opened his mouth and said: "Truly I understand that God shows no partiality, 35 but in every nation anyone who fears him and does what is right is acceptable to him. ...

7. “Under the Law”

Romans 6:14 - 15

14 For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace. 15 What then? Are we to sin because we are not under law but under grace? By no means! ...

8. "Shomer Mitzvot" (Torah Observant)

1 Corinthians 7:19

19 For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God.